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|Research center of Embrapa/Collection:||Embrapa Agrossilvipastoril - Artigo em periódico indexado (ALICE)|
|Type of Material:||Artigo em periódico indexado (ALICE)|
|Authors:||LOPES, L. B.|
PINA, D. S.
MONTEI, R. A. C.
|Additional Information:||LUCIANO BASTOS LOPES, CPAMT; CAMILA ECKSTEIN, UFMT-SINOP; DOUGLAS SANTOS PINA, UFMT-SINOP; ROBERTA APARECIDA CARNEVALLI MONTEI, CPAMT.|
|Title:||The influence of trees on the thermal environment and behaviour of grazing heifers in Brazilian Midwest.|
|Publisher:||Tropical Animal Health and Production, v. 48, n. 4, p. 755-761, 2016.|
|Description:||The intensification of the livestock production system has gained prominence over the last decades. In addition to the reduction of grazing areas and increased productivity per hectare, the intercropping involving forest tree species and ruminants has been established as a sustainable production model, generating income and valuation of natural capital. Besides the social, economic, and environmental aspects, the animal welfare is a noteworthy factor. The objective of this study was to evaluate the microclimatic conditions in an open-pasture and in silvopastoral systems, considering the Temperature Humidity Index (THI) and alterations in animal behavior. Three different pasture arrangements were analyzed in this study: total absence of trees in an open-pasture (ArrA), presence of peripheral trees (Eucalyptus spp.) along the border fences (ArrB), and an intensive wooded area aggregated with pasture (ArrC). A herd of 24 crossbreed heifers (3/4 and 7/8 Holstein?Girolando breed) was evaluated. Behavior data were collected every 15 min starting at 08 h00 with readings ending at 16 h00. THI was used to evaluate the environmental comfort. The THI found in the system with open-pasture and in the two systems with silvopastoral arrangement reached critical levels. The two arrangements with eucalyptus rows were not capable of eliminating heat stress in the conditions found in the north region of Mato Grosso State although better conditions were obtained under the tree canopy. The differences between the microclimatic variables for the three arrangements modified the behavior of the animals regarding their location and activity, except for water consumption.|
|NAL Thesaurus:||Heat stress|
|Appears in Collections:||Artigo em periódico indexado (CPAMT)|
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|2016cpamtlopesinfluencetreesthermalbehaviourgrazing.pdf||348,49 kB||Adobe PDF|