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|Research center of Embrapa/Collection:||Embrapa Pesca e Aquicultura - Artigo em periódico indexado (ALICE)|
|Type of Material:||Artigo em periódico indexado (ALICE)|
|Authors:||OLIVEIRA, S. M. de|
ALMEIDA, R. E. M. de
CIAMPITTI, I. A.
PIEROZAN JUNIOR, C.
LAGO, B. C.
TRIVELIN, P. C. O.
FAVARIN, J. L.
|Additional Information:||SILAS MACIEL DE OLIVEIRA, ESALQ; RODRIGO ESTEVAM MUNHOZ DE ALMEIDA, CNPASA; IGNACIO A. CIAMPITTI, KANSAS STATE UNIVERSITY; CLOVIS PIEROZAN JUNIOR, ESALQ; BRUNO COCCO LAGO, ESALQ; PAULO CESAR OCHEUZE TRIVELIN, CENA; JOSE LAERCIO FAVARIN, ESALQ.|
|Title:||Understanding N timing in corn yield and fertilizer N recovery: an insight from an isotopic labeled-N determination.|
|Publisher:||PLoS One, v. 13, n. 2, e0192776, Feb. 2018.|
|Description:||Early fertilizer nitrogen (N) application on cover crops or their residues during the off-season is a practice adopted in Brazil subtropical conditions under no-tillage corn (Zea mays L.) systems. However, the effect of early N application on yield, plant N content, and N recovery efficiency (NRE) for corn is not yet well documented. Five fertilizer N timings in an oat-corn system were evaluated in two studies utilizing an isotopic-labeled N determination, 15N isotope. The N fertilization timings were: (i) oat tillering, (ii) 15 days before corn planting time, over the oat residues, (iii) at corn planting time, (iv) in-season at the three-leaf growth stage (V3), and (v) in-season split application at V3 and six-leaf (V6) growth stages. Based on the statistical analysis, the N fertilization timings were separated into three groups: 1) N-OATS, designated to N applied at oat; 2) N-PLANT, referred to pre-plant and planting N applications; and 3) N-CORN, designated to in-season corn N applications. Corn yield was not affected by the N fertilization timing. However, the N-CORN N fertilization timings enhanced NRE by 17% and 35% and final N recovery system (plant plus soil) by 16% and 24% all relative to N-OATS and N-PLANT groups, respectively. Overall, N-OATS resulted in the largest N derived from fertilizer (NDFF) amount in the deeper soil layer, in overall a delta of 10 kg N ha-1 relative to the rest of the groups. Notwithstanding corn yield was not affected, early N fertilization under subtropical conditions is not a viable option since NRE was diminished and the non-recovery N increased relative to the in-season N applications.|
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|Appears in Collections:||Artigo em periódico indexado (CNPASA)|