Use este identificador para citar ou linkar para este item: http://www.alice.cnptia.embrapa.br/alice/handle/doc/15380
Unidade da Embrapa/Coleção:: Embrapa Meio Ambiente - Artigo em periódico indexado (ALICE)
Data do documento: 14-Mai-2007
Tipo do Material: Artigo em periódico indexado (ALICE)
Autoria: GHINI, R.
MORANDI, M. A. B.
Informaçães Adicionais: RAQUEL GHINI, CNPMA; MARCELO AUGUSTO BOECHAT MORANDI, CNPMA.
Título: Biotic and abiotic factors associated with soil supressiveness to Rhizoctonia solani.
Edição: 2006
Fonte/Imprenta: Scientia Agricola, Piracicaba, v. 63, n. 2, p. 153-160, mar./abr. 2006.
Idioma: en
Palavras-chave: Patógeno de solo
Solo supressivo
Fatores bióticos
Fatores abióticos
Correlação
Supressividade.
Conteúdo: Crop management may modify soil characteristics, and as a consequence, alter incidence of diseases caused by soilborne pathogens. This study evaluated the suppressiveness to R. solani in 59 soil samples from a microbasin. Soil sampling areas included undisturbed forest, pasture and fallow ground areas, annual crops, perennial crops, and ploughed soil. The soil samples were characterized according to abiotic variables (pH; electrical conductivity; organic matter content; N total; P; K; Ca; Mg; Al; H; S; Na; Fe; Mn; Cu; Zn; B; cation exchange capacity; sum of bases and base saturation) and biotic variables (total microbial activity evaluated by the CO2 evolution and fluorescein diacetate hydrolysis; culturable bacterial, fungal, actinomycetes, protozoa, fluorescent Pseudomonas and Fusarium spp. communities). The contribution and relationships of these variables to suppression to R. solani were assessed by path analysis. When all samples were analyzed together, only abiotic variables correlated with suppression of R. solani, but the entire set of variables explained only 51% of the total variation. However, when samples were grouped and analyzed by vegetation cover, the set of evaluated variables in all cases accounted for more than 90% of the variation in suppression of the pathogen. In highly suppressive soils of forest and pasture/ fallow ground areas, several abiotic variables and fluorescein diacetate hydrolysis correlated with suppression of R. solani and the set of variables explained more than 98% of suppressiveness.
Thesagro: Controle biológico
Microbiologia do Solo.
NAL Thesaurus: Rhizoctonia.
Ano de Publicação: 2006
Aparece nas coleções:Artigo em periódico indexado (CNPMA)

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