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|Title:||Carbon sequestration in agricultural soils in the Cerrado region of the brazilian Amazon.|
|Authors:||CARVALHO, J. L. N.|
CERRI, C. E. P.
FEIGL, B. P.
PÍCCOLO, M. C.
GODINHO, V. de P. C.
CERRI, C. C.
|Affiliation:||JOÃO LUÍS NUNES CARVALHO, USP; CARLOS EDUARDO PELLEGRINO CERRI, USP; BRIGITTE JOSEFINE FEIGL, USP; M. C. PÍCCOLO, USP; VICENTE DE PAULO CAMPOS GODINHO, CPAF-RO; CARLOS CLEMENTE CERRI, USP.|
|Citation:||Soil & Tillage Research, v. 103, n. 2, p. 342-349, May 2009.|
|Description:||The introduction of crop management practices after conversion of Amazon Cerrado into cropland influences soil C stocks and has direct and indirect consequences on greenhouse gases (GHG) emissions. The aim of this study was to quantify soil C sequestration, through the evaluation of the changes in C stocks, as well as the GHG fluxes (N2O and CH4) during the process of conversion of Cerrado into agricultural land in the southwestern Amazon region, comparing no-tillage (NT) and conventional tillage (CT) systems. We collected samples from soils and made gas flux measurements in July 2004 (the dry season) and in January 2005 (the wet season) at six areas: Cerrado, CT cultivated with rice for 1 year (1CT) and 2 years (2CT), and NT cultivated with soybean for 1 year (1NT), 2 years (2NT) and 3 years (3NT), in each case after a 2-year period of rice under CT. Soil samples were analyzed in both seasons for total organic C and bulk density. The soil C stocks, corrected for a mass of soil equivalent to the 0?30-cm layer under Cerrado, indicated that soils under NT had generally higher C storage compared to native Cerrado and CT soils. The annual C accumulation rate in the conversion of rice under CT into soybean under NT was 0.38 Mg ha−1 year−1. Although CO2 emissions were not used in the C sequestration estimates to avoid double counting, we did include the fluxes of this gas in our discussion. In the wet season, CO2 emissions were twice as high as in the dry season and the highest N2O emissions occurred under the NT system. There were no CH4 emissions to the atmosphere (negative fluxes) and there were no significant seasonal variations. When N2O and CH4 emissions in C-equivalent were subtracted (assuming that the measurements made on 4 days were representative of the whole year), the soil C sequestration rate of the conversion of rice under CT into soybean under NT was 0.23 Mg ha−1 year−1. Although there were positive soil C sequestration rates, our results do not present data regarding the full C balance in soil management changes in the Amazon Cerrado.|
|Type of Material:||Artigo de periódico|
|Appears in Collections:||Artigo em periódico indexado (CPAF-RO)|