Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://www.alice.cnptia.embrapa.br/alice/handle/doc/1001817
Research center of Embrapa/Collection: Embrapa Suínos e Aves - Artigo em periódico indexado (ALICE)
Date Issued: 2015
Type of Material: Artigo em periódico indexado (ALICE)
Authors: GRAVE, R. A.
NICOLOSO, R. da S.
CASSOL, P. C.
AITA, C.
CORREA, J. C.
DALLA COSTA, M.
FRITZ, D. D.
Additional Information: ROBERTO ANDRÉ GRAVE, IFC/Concórdia; RODRIGO DA SILVEIRA NICOLOSO, CNPSA; PAULO CEZAR CASSOL, UDESC; CELSO AITA, UFSM; JULIANO CORULLI CORREA, CNPSA; MORGANA DALLA COSTA; DIEGO DANIEL FRITZ.
Title: Short-term carbon dioxide emission under contrasting soil disturbance levels and organic amendments.
Publisher: Soil & Tillage Research, v. 146, p. 184-192, 2015.
Language: en
Keywords: Emissão de gases
Description: Agriculture can be either a source or sink of atmospheric CO2 depending on soil management. The application of swine slurry in conventional tilled soils could enhance soil CO2 emission depleting soil organic C stocks. However, the use of recalcitrant C-rich organic fertilizers in no-till soils can offset soil CO2 emission promoting soil C sequestration. This hypothesis was tested by evaluating short-term CO2-C emissions from a Rhodic Nitisol under contrasting soil disturbance levels (disturbed (DS) and undisturbed soil (US)) top-dressed with mineral or organic fertilizers (urea (UR), raw swine slurry (RS),anaerobically digested swine slurry (ADS), and composted swine slurry (CS)). Soil CO2 emission was evaluated for 64 days using static chambers where gas samples were collected and analysed by photoacoustic infrared spectroscopy. Soil water-filled pore space (WFPS), temperature and meteorologi-cal data were concomitantly registered and a first-order exponential decay model was used to assess the decomposition of organic fertilizers and CO2 emissions induced by soil disturbance. Soil CO2-C emission was correlated with soil temperature, while limiting soil aeration impaired CO2-C efflux when WFPS >0.6 cm3cm3. Disturbance increased soil CO2-C efflux (36.3 2.2 kg CO2-C ha1 day1) in relation to US (33.3 1.6 kg CO2-C ha1 day1). Extra labile C input through RS amendment induced an increased soil CO2-C efflux for a longer period (t1/2 = 16.9 and 9.6 days in DS and US treatments, respectively), resulting in higher CO2-C emissions than soil amended with other fertilizers. The recalcitrant C input by ADS and CS had limited effect on soil CO2-C emissions. CS presented a genuine potential for substantial soil organic C accumulation while offsetting increased CO2-C emissions in comparison to RS amended soils.
Thesagro: Plantio direto
Compostagem
Dejeto
Urina
Suíno
Biogás
NAL Thesaurus: No-tillage
Pig manure
Greenhouse gas emissions
Data Created: 2014-12-05
Appears in Collections:Artigo em periódico indexado (CNPSA)

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