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|Research center of Embrapa/Collection:||Embrapa Meio Ambiente - Resumo em anais de congresso (ALICE)|
|Type of Material:||Resumo em anais de congresso (ALICE)|
|Authors:||PUGA, A. P.|
CARVALHO, C. S.
LIGO, M. A. V.
PIRES, A. M. M.
PEREIRA NETO, B. G.
ANDRADE, C. A. de
|Additional Information:||Aline Peregrina Puga; Cristina Silva Carvalho, UEMA; MARCOS ANTONIO VIEIRA LIGO, CNPMA; ADRIANA MARLENE MORENO PIRES, CNPMA; Braulio Garcia Pereira Neto, Carbosolo Desenvolvimento Agrícola; CRISTIANO ALBERTO DE ANDRADE, CNPMA.|
|Title:||Ammonia volatilization from nitrogen fertilizer formulated with biochar.|
|Publisher:||In: WORLD CONGRESS OF SOIL SCIENCE, 21., 2018, Rio de Janeiro. Soil science: beyond food and fuel: abstracts. Viçosa, MG: SBCS, 2018. Trabalho 959.|
|Description:||Ammonia (NH3) volatilization results in low N use efficiency by crops. The aim of this study were to evaluate NH3 volatilization from nitrogen fertilizer formulated (F) with biochar (BC). In a incubation experiment the fertilizers were applied to soil surface. NH3 volatilized was captured by H2SO4 solution. BC used in the production of fertilizers is from eucalyptus (charcoal fines). Two types of formulated fertilizers were tested: granulated (F6 and F8; mixture of BC, urea and additives) and coated granulated fertilizers (F17 and F19; coating of urea granule with BC, acidified or not, and additives). Treatments tested were: 1) blank; 2) control; 3) soil + urea; 4) soil + F6 (10% N, 51% BC); 5) soil + F8 (20% N, 29% BC); 6) soil + F17 (20% N, 29% BC) and 7) soil + F19 (32% N, 20% BC). Granulated fertilizers (F6 and F8) and F17 coated fertilizer volatilized lower amounts of NH3 than urea, indicating greater efficiency when applied to the surface. In the case of F17, where the BC was previously acidified prior covering urea granule, acidification must have influenced the reduction of NH3 losses. In total urea volatilized 71% of N applied while F6 and F8 showed losses of 60% and 66%, respectively. F8 was produced with 20% N and 29% BC, while F6 with the lowest NH3 loss had 10% N and 51% BC. Proportion of BC in the fertilizer and the BC/N ratio appear as important in reducing N loss by NH3 volatilization. F19 showed worse performance than urea, volatilizing 80% of the applied N. However, F17 which was coated with previously acidified BC, presented lower volatilization (64%) compared to F19 and urea. In the equations of first-order chemical kinetics model describing the urea NH3 volatilization process of BC granulated and BC-coated fertilizers, it was found that the lowest N0 values (indicates the stabilization value of the volatilization process) belong to F6 and F8 (@64%), 12% lower than urea (N0=73%). It was observed that the highest value of N0 was of F19 (84%), confirming the BC alkalinity effect (pH@ 7.7) favoring N losses when fertilizer production technology was the coating of urea granule with BC without prior acidification. F6 and F8 tested in this study demonstrated potential to be applied in top dressing fertilization, due to lower volatilization rates, providing lower risk of N losses due to volatilization of NH3. Granulated F6 and coated F17 provided reductions between 10 and 15% for NH3 losses compared to urea.|
|Appears in Collections:||Resumo em anais de congresso (CNPMA)|
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