Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://www.alice.cnptia.embrapa.br/alice/handle/doc/1120215
Research center of Embrapa/Collection: Embrapa Amapá - Resumo em anais de congresso (ALICE)
Date Issued: 2019
Type of Material: Resumo em anais de congresso (ALICE)
Authors: SMITH, M. N.
SCHITTI, J.
GONÇALVES, N.
MINOR, D.
ALMEIDA, D. R. A. de
ROCHA, D. G.
ARAGÓN, S.
MENIN, M.
GUEDES, M. C.
TONINI, H.
SILVA, K. E. da
ROSA, D. M.
NELSON, B. W.
CORDEIRO, C. L. O.
OLIVEIRA JUNIOR, R. C. de
SHAO, G.
SOUZA, M. S.
MCMAHON, S.
ALMEIDA, D.
ARAGÃO, L. E. O. C.
LIMA, N. Z. de
OLIVEIRA, G. de
ASSIS, R. L. de
CAMARGO, J. L.
MESQUITA, R. G.
SALESKA, S. R.
BRESHEARS, D. D.
COSTA, F. R. C.
STARK, S. C.
Additional Information: MARIELLE NATASHA SMITH, Michigan State University; JULIANA SCHITTI, INPA; NATHAN GONÇALVES, Michigan State University; DAVID MINOR, University of Maryland College Park; DANILO ROBERTI ALVES DE ALMEIDA, USP/ESALQ; DANIEL GOMES ROCHA, INPA; SUSAN ARAGÓN, UFOPA; MARCELO MENIN, UFAM; MARCELINO CARNEIRO GUEDES, CPAF-Amapá; HELIO TONINI, CPPSUL; KATIA EMIDIO DA SILVA, CPAA; DIOGO MARTINS ROSA, INPA; BRUCE W NELSON, INPA; CARLOS LEANDRO OLIVEIRA CORDEIRO, IIS; RAIMUNDO COSME DE OLIVEIRA JUNIOR, CPATU; GANG SHAO, Michigan State University; MENDELL S. SOUZA, UFOPA; SEAN MCMAHON, Smithsonian Environmental Research Center (SERC); DANIEL ALMEIDA, UFOPA; LUIZ E. O. C. ARAGÃO, INPE; NICOLAS ZASLAVSKY DE LIMA, UFOPA; GABRIELA DE OLIVEIRA, University of Kansas; RAFAEL LEANDRO DE ASSIS, INPA; JOSÉ L. CAMARGO, INPA; RITA G MESQUITA, INPA; SCOTT R SALESKA, University of Arizona; DAVID D. BRESHEARS, University of Arizona; FLAVIA REGINA CAPELLOTTO COSTA, INPA; SCOTT C. STARK, Michigan State University.
Title: Variations in Amazonian forest canopy structure and light environments across environmental and disturbance gradients.
Publisher: In: AGU FALL MEETING, 2019, San Francisco. Anais... San Francisco: AGU, 2019.
Language: en
Notes: Paper 499657.
Description: A critical problem in tropical forest ecology is understanding how vegetation structure and function vary over environmental gradients. The degree to which forest structure changes across the Amazon basin and the role of environmental variability in shaping forest structure and dynamics are poorly characterised, despite the importance of these forests for regional and global climate. To address these challenges, we connected 10 years of investigations to amass a large database of ground-based profiling canopy lidar (PCL) data from 297 Amazon forest plots across large-scale environmental and disturbance gradients. Mean annual precipitation varied from 1,963 to 3,159 mm, number of dry season months from 0 to 5, and plot soil types covered about half of the variation in phosphorus, exchangeable cation, and soil physical property values observed in Amazonia. We quantified detailed metrics of vertical and horizontal structure and canopy light environments. Forest structure varied considerably across plots; maximum canopy height ranged from 6.1 to 35.7 m, gap fraction from 0.00 to 0.36, LAI from 0.5 to 7.3, rugosity from 1.5 to 7.5 m, and the relative height of 50% light transmission from 0.3 to 0.8. Disturbed sites exhibited almost twice the level of variation (SD) to non-disturbed sites for many metrics. Vertical leaf area density (LAD) profiles also showed high between plot variability, especially at low and high relative canopy heights. Plots with similar LAD profiles sometimes exhibited different distributions of ?canopy photic environment layers??where canopy leaf area is separated into photic environment layers by depth from canopy surface. This demonstrates that LAD profiles alone are insufficient for characterising canopy environments, essential to light-driven regeneration and carbon cycle processes. In addition, we evaluated relationships between lidar metrics and environmental variables extracted from geospatial layers. Our dataset allows a unique and detailed multi-site analysis of canopy structure and environments across the Amazon, including regions with little or no lidar sampling. Examining how structural attributes alter across environmental gradients is critical to understanding how current and future climate influences Amazonian forest structure, function, and dynamics.
Thesagro: Ecologia Florestal
Floresta Tropical
Climatologia
NAL Thesaurus: Forest ecology
Tropical forests
Climatology
Data Created: 2020-02-12
Appears in Collections:Resumo em anais de congresso (CPAF-AP)

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