Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://www.alice.cnptia.embrapa.br/alice/handle/doc/1124070
Research center of Embrapa/Collection: Embrapa Meio Ambiente - Artigo em periódico indexado (ALICE)
Date Issued: 2020
Type of Material: Artigo em periódico indexado (ALICE)
Authors: DELCORSO, M. C.
PAIVA, P. P. de
GRIGOLETO, M. R. P.
QUEIROZ, S. C. do N. de
COLLARES-BUZATO, C. B.
ARANA, S.
Additional Information: MARIANA CRUZ DELCORSO, IB-UNICAMP; PAULA PEREIRA DE PAIVA, IB-UNICAMP; MARCELA REGINA PAGANUCHI GRIGOLETO, IB-UNICAMP; SONIA CLAUDIA DO N DE QUEIROZ, CNPMA; CARLA BEATRIZ COLLARES-BUZATO, IB-UNICAMP; SARAH ARANA, IB-UNICAMP.
Title: Effects of sublethal and realistic concentrations of the commercial herbicide atrazine in Pacu (Piaractus mesopotamicus): long-term exposure and recovery assays.
Publisher: Veterinary World, v. 13, n. 1, p. 147-159, 2020.
Language: Ingles
Keywords: Brazilian ichthyofauna
Liver lesions
Kidney lesions
Recovery assay
Toxicidade
Description: Abstract: Background and Aim: The commercial formulations of the herbicide atrazine (cATZ) are widely employed in Brazilian agriculture, and, as a consequence, ATZ has been found at levels above that established by law in the river basins in Brazil. Although the toxicity of ATZ in fish is well documented, there are few studies on the recovery capacity after cATZ exposure. This work aimed to evaluate, using several biomarkers, the toxic effects of long-term exposure to the sublethal (3.57 mg/L) and nonlethal realistic (3.00 ?g/L) cATZ concentrations followed by a recovery assay, in fingerlings of a Brazilian teleost, the Piaractus mesopotamicus (pacu). Materials and Methods: Pacu fingerlings were housed in glass tanks and divided into the following experimental groups (two tanks/group): Exposure control = EC, recovery control = RC, the sublethal groups exposed to 3.57 mg/L of cATZ, (sublethal exposure group = SLE and sublethal recovery group = SLR) and the nonlethal groups treated with 3.00 μg/L of cATZ (nonlethal exposure group = NLE and nonlethal recovery group = NLR). The exposure assay was semi-static with a duration of 30 days and the recovery assay (after cATZ withdrawal) lasted 14 days. Several biomarkers were evaluated in fingerlings from all groups: The swimming behavior, the body weight gain, the micronucleus formation and nuclear alterations in erythrocytes, and the hepatic and renal histopathology analyzed by qualitative and semi-quantitative morphological methods (using light and electron microscopy). Results: No significant difference in weight gain was observed among the groups after the exposure and recovery assays. The sublethal exposure induced impaired swimming movements, significant histopathological alterations, including necrosis in the liver and kidney, and a significant increase in the frequency of micronuclei in erythrocytes. The nonlethal exposure induced only subtle histopathological changes in the liver and kidney. After recovery assay, no genotoxic alteration was noted in pacu exposed to sublethal concentration, while the cATZ-induced kidney damage was partially reversed but not the hepatic injury. Conclusion: cATZ exhibits long-term toxic effects on pacu, even at relatively low concentrations, affecting mainly the liver and the kidney, and the effects of sublethal concentration are only partially reversed after cATZ withdrawal.
Thesagro: Pacu
Herbicida
Toxidez
Poluição da Água
NAL Thesaurus: Piaractus mesopotamicus
Herbicides
Atrazine
Genotoxicity
Histopathology
Ultrastructure
Data Created: 2020-07-28
Appears in Collections:Artigo em periódico indexado (CNPMA)

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