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|Research center of Embrapa/Collection:||Embrapa Territorial - Resumo em anais de congresso (ALICE)|
|Type of Material:||Resumo em anais de congresso (ALICE)|
|Authors:||ALVES, D. S.|
LINHARES, C. A.
|Additional Information:||DIOGENES S. ALVES, INPE; MATEUS BATISTELLA, CNPM; CLAUDIA A. LINHARES, INPE.|
|Title:||An analysis of landscape fragmentation in the Brazilian Amazon based on deforestation data derived from Landsat imagery.|
|Publisher:||In: CONFERÊNCIA CIENTÍFICA INTERNACIONAL AMAZÔNIA EM PERSPECTIVA CIÊNCIA INTEGRADA PARA UM FUTURO SUSTENTÁVEL, 2008. Manaus: Conference Abstracts ... Brasília, DF: LBA, 2008.|
Fragmentação da Floresta.
|Description:||Deforestation in the Brazilian Amazon has produced fragmentation of the largest tropical rain forest in the planet resulting in impacts over biodiversity and the functioning of ecosystems. Most of the deforestation is known to be concentrated near major roads and areas of pioneer colonization, but few studies have quantitatively analyzed patterns and processes of landscape fragmentation associated with this spatial dynamics. In this paper we evaluate the effect of forest clearing based on two landscape metrics - percent cleared and percolation - for areas in the states of Mato Grosso, Pará, and Rondônia where the largest rates of deforestation have been observed. Deforestation data included one data set derived from Landsat MSS imagery for the 1970?s and one based on Landsat TM imagery for 2006. Forest fragments in 2006 within 25-km of areas deforested since 1978 - where a large majority of recent deforestation has been concentrated - were analyzed to assess how landscape fragmentation has evolved following the diffusion of forest clearing within a relatively close neighborhood of the 1978 deforestation. The distribution of deforestation for regular ¼-degree grid cells with different values of percent cleared was estimated as a proxy for the distribution of the equivalent metric based on actual farm limits. The fractions of deforestation for larger categories of percent cleared have increased during the diffusion of forest clearing and a majority of the total 2006 deforestation belonged to areas with less than 50% of forest remnants, taking as reference the Brazilian forest regulations. The diffusion of deforestation has resulted in different patterns of landscape fragmentation based on estimated percolation and we propose an analysis of such patterns based on geographic differences.|
|Appears in Collections:||Resumo em anais de congresso (CNPM)|