Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://www.alice.cnptia.embrapa.br/alice/handle/doc/511362
Research center of Embrapa/Collection: Embrapa Acre - Artigo em periódico indexado (ALICE)
Date Issued: 2008
Type of Material: Artigo em periódico indexado (ALICE)
Authors: RIGHI, C. A.
LUNZ, A. M. P.
BERNARDES, M. S.
PEREIRA, C. R.
TERAMOTO, E. R.
FAVARIN, J. L.
Additional Information: Ciro Abbud Righi, Centro de Energia Nuclear (CENA); AURENY MARIA PEREIRA LUNZ, CPAF-AC; Marcos Silveira Bernardes, Escola superior de Agricultura Luiz Queiroz (ESALQ - USP); Carlos Rodrigues Pereira, Universidade Federal Rural do rio de Janeiro (UFRRJ); Edson Roberto Teramoto, Instituto de Manejo e Certificação Florestal e Agrícola (Imaflora); José Laércio Favarin, Escola superior de Agricultura Luiz Queiroz (ESALQ - USP).
Title: Coffee water use in agroforestry system with rubber trees.
Publisher: Revista Árvore, Viçosa, v. 32, n. 5, p. 781-792, set./out. 2008.
Language: en
Keywords: Sistema Agroflorestal (SAF)
Coffee
Rubber tree
Árbol del caucho
Radiación solar
Agroforestería
Absorción de agua
Hevea sp
Coffea arabica cv Obatã
Cultivo intercalar
Transpiración.
Description: Water uptake and use by plants are essentially energy processes that can be largely modified by percentage of soil cover, plant type; foliage area and its distribution; phenological stage and several environmental factors. Coffee trees (Coffea arabica - cv. Obatã IAC 1669-20) in Agrforestry System (AFS) spaced 3.4x0.9m apart, were planted inside and along rows of 12- year-old rubber trees (Hevea spp.) in Piracicaba-SP, Brazil (22 42'30" S, 47 38'00" W - altitude: 546m). Sap flow of one-year-old coffee plants exposed to 35; 45; 80; 95 and 100% of total solar radiation was estimated by the heat balance technique (Dynamax Inc.). Coffee plants under shade showed greater water loss per unit of incident irradiance. On the other hand, plants in monocrop (full sun) had the least water loss per unit of incident irradiance. For the evaluated positions average water use was (gH2O.m-2Leaf area.MJ-1): 64.71; 67.75; 25.89; 33.54; 27.11 in Dec./2002 and 97.14; 72.50; 40.70; 32.78; 26.13 in Feb./2003. This fact may be attributed to the higher stomata sensitivity of the coffee plants under more illuminated conditions, thus plants under full sun presented the highest water use efficiency. Express transpiration by leaf mass can be a means to access plant adaptation to the various environments, which is inaccessible when the approach is made by leaf area.
Thesagro: Agrossilvicultura
Cultivo intercalado
Café
Seringueira
Radiação solar
Transpiração vegetal
Absorção de água
Hevea Brasiliensis.
NAL Thesaurus: Agroforestry
Intercropping
Coffea
Solar radiation
Transpiration
Water uptake.
Data Created: 2009-04-28
ISSN: 0100-6762 (impresso) / 1806-9088 (online)
Appears in Collections:Artigo em periódico indexado (CPAF-AC)

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