Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://www.alice.cnptia.embrapa.br/alice/handle/doc/940585
Research center of Embrapa/Collection: Embrapa Soja - Artigo em periódico indexado (ALICE)
Date Issued: 2012
Type of Material: Artigo em periódico indexado (ALICE)
Authors: FRANCHINI, J. C.
DEBIASI, H.
BALBINOT JUNIOR, A. A.
TONON, B. C.
FARIAS, J. R. B.
OLIVEIRA, M. C. N. de
TORRES, E.
Additional Information: JULIO CEZAR FRANCHINI DOS SANTOS, CNPSO; HENRIQUE DEBIASI, CNPSO; ALVADI ANTONIO BALBINOT JUNIOR, CNPSO; BRENDA CRISTYE TONON; JOSE RENATO BOUCAS FARIAS, CNPSO; MARIA CRISTINA NEVES DE OLIVEIRA, CNPSO; ELENO TORRES, CNPSo - Pesq. Aposentado.
Title: Evolution of crop yields in different tillage and cropping systems over two decades in southern Brazil.
Publisher: Field Crops Research, Amsterdam, v. 137, p. 178-185, Oct. 2012.
Language: en
Keywords: No-tillage system
Description: In the last three decades, the no-tillage system (NT) has provided environmental and economic advantages for farming in southern Brazil, especially when associated with crop rotation. The objective of this study was to evaluate the effects of different tillage and cropping systems on the grain yields of soybean, maize and wheat, in a 23-year experiment established on an Oxisol in the southern region of Brazil. The experiment was carried out in randomized block experimental design with four replications. The treatments consisted of three tillage systems [NT, NT with chiseling every three years (NTC), and conventional tillage (CT)] and two cropping systems [an annual crop sequence with wheat in the winter and soybean in the summer, designated as crop succession (CS), and a 4-year crop rotation with the following species in winter-summer, respectively: white lupine-maize; black oat-soybean; wheat-soybean; and wheat-soybean (CR)]. Soybean yields were correlated to the water requirement satisfaction index (WRSI) estimated for the soybean reproductive period. With few exceptions, the NT showed higher soybean yields in relation to CT from the 7th year of the experiment onwards, especially under crop rotation and in growing seasons with lower water availability expressed by lower WRSI values. The percentage of NT soybean yield advantage over CT increased consistently over the time, and this increase was greater in CR than in CS, reaching on average 23%. The yields of wheat and maize were not influenced by the tillage systems, but the wheat yields were increased by crop rotation. In the most of the growing seasons, the soil chiseling, at every three years, did not increase significantly the yields of soybean, maize and wheat. Crop rotation and NT, allowed high and stable crop yields, especially under water-stress conditions. Results indicate the need of minimizing soil disturbance and diversifying cropping system for sustainable grain production in southern Brazil.
Data Created: 2012-11-27
Appears in Collections:Artigo em periódico indexado (CNPSO)

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