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|Research center of Embrapa/Collection:||Embrapa Solos - Artigo em anais de congresso (ALICE)|
|Type of Material:||Artigo em anais de congresso (ALICE)|
|Authors:||CASTRO, R. C. de|
BENITES, V. de M.
TEIXEIRA, P. C.
OLIVEIRA, D. F. de
OLIVEIRA, L. F. de
ANJOS, M. J. dos
|Additional Information:||Robson C. de Castro, Instituto de Física Armando Dias Tavares; VINICIUS DE MELO BENITES, CNPS; PAULO CESAR TEIXEIRA, CNPS; Davi Ferreira de Oliveira, Instituto de Física Armando Dias Tavares; Luis Fernando de Oliveira, Instituto de Física Armando Dias Tavares; Marcelino José dos Anjos, Instituto de Física Armando Dias Tavares.|
|Title:||Analyzing the mobility in granular forms of P fertilizer in brazilians soils under laboratory conditions.|
|Publisher:||In: INTERNATIONAL NUCLEAR ATLANTIC CONFERENCE/INAC, 2013. Recife/PE. Anais... Rio de Janeiro, RJ: Associação Brasileira de Energia Nuclear, 2013.|
|Description:||Phosphorus is an essential nutrient for plant growth. Million of tones of P are applied to the soils annually. However, only a small fraction of the P applied with fertilizers is taken up by crops in the year of application, and the effectiveness of any residual P fertilizer declines with time. To improve our understanding of the mechanisms underlying this response to P in the field, we have studied the mobility of P from 3 different fertilizes: monoammonium phosphate (MAP), polymer coated monoammonium phosphate (MAPp) and Organomineral phosphate (OMP) applied on high weathered soil samples in a Petri dish experiment. Total Reflection X-Ray Fluorescence (TXRF) was used to determine the P diffusive flux at different distances (0 - 7.5, 7.5 ? 13.5, 13.5 ? 25.5 and 25.5 ? 43 mm) from granular fertilizer. TXRF analyses were performed at the X-Ray Fluorescence Beamline D09B at Brazilian National Synchrotron Light Laboratory (LNLS), in Campinas, São Paulo, using a polychromatic beam with maximum energy of 20 keV for the excitation and an Ultra-LEGe detector with resolution of 148 eV at 5.9 keV. Besides that, the detections were performed in a high vacuum chamber (2.5 x 10-5 mbar) to avoid air absorption. After a period of five weeks, the total P concentration increased in the soil sampled 7.5 to 13.5 mm from the fertilizer showing a diffusive flux of P. About 20% (considering MAP and MAPp) of the total P applied diffused out of the central soil ring. Different sources showed differences in diffusive flux of P. Soil pH also influenced diffusive flux of P showing higher flux on lower pH soils.|
|Appears in Collections:||Artigo em anais de congresso (CNPS)|