Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://www.alice.cnptia.embrapa.br/alice/handle/doc/1019670
Research center of Embrapa/Collection: Embrapa Solos - Artigo em anais de congresso (ALICE)
Date Issued: 2015
Type of Material: Artigo em anais de congresso (ALICE)
Authors: TEIXEIRA, W. G.
Additional Information: WENCESLAU GERALDES TEIXEIRA, CNPS.
Title: Creation of fertile soil horizons (anthrosols) in the pre colombian times by using organic wastes.
Publisher: In: SIMPÓSIO INTERNACIONAL SOBRE GERENCIAMENTO DE RESÍDUOS AGROPECUÁRIOS E AGROINDUSTRIAIS, 4., 2015, Rio de Janeiro. Anais... Brasília, DF: Embrapa, 2015.
Language: en
Keywords: Antrossolo
Terra Preta de Índio
Sambaquis
Geoglifos
Description: The process of formation and evolution of distinct anthropic horizons found widespread in Brazil will be reviewed and discussed focusing in the waste management. The Amazonian Dark Earths (Terra Preta de Índio), the shell mounds (sambaquis) and ditches from human earthworks (called geoglifos) are the archeological sites reviewed in this article. The main source of P and Ca in TPI sites is believed to be from the bones. Ashes are also a key source of nutrients in antropic soils and responsible to enhance the pH. Leaves are also a important source of nutrient. TPI owes its name to the dark color originated from a large stocks of carbon and it is believed that large part is preserved because a pyrogenic origin. The use of carbonized organic waste (charcoal) as soil conditioner is now being largely studied in the world, this technology is called biochar. The sambaquis are found mainly along the Brazilian coast with have a large amount of phosphorus and carbon. The geoglifos are constructed earthworks mainly circular or rectangular. Until now is intriguing the absence of dark horizons or clearly chemical signatures typical of anthropic modifications caused by waste accumulation in or near the geoglifos. Understanding the waste management used to create these fertile anthropic soils have possibility to provide new soil management practices for soil reclamation, sustainable production, and to enhance soil carbon storage and nutrient holding capacity therefore to use marginal soils.
Data Created: 2015-07-13
Appears in Collections:Artigo em anais de congresso (CNPS)

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