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|Title:||Bacteria from tropical semiarid temporary ponds promote maize growth under hydric stress.|
|Authors:||ARAÚJO, V. L. V. P. de|
LIRA JUNIOR, M. A.
SOUZA JÚNIOR, V. S. de
ARAUJO FILHO, J. C. de
FRACETTO, F. J. C.
ANDREOTE, F. D.
PEREIRA, A. P. de A.
MENDES JÚNIOR, J. P.
BARROS, F. M. do R.
FRACETTO, G. G. M.
|Affiliation:||VICTOR LUCAS VIEIRA PRUDÊNCIO DE ARAÚJO, UFRPE; MARIO ANDRADE LIRA JUNIOR, UFRPE; VALDOMIRO SEVERINO DE SOUZA JÚNIOR, UFRPE; JOSE COELHO DE ARAUJO FILHO, CNPS; FELIPE JOSÉ CURY FRACETTO, UFRPE; FERNANDO DINI ANDREOTE, USP/ESALQ; ARTHUR PRUDÊNCIO DE ARAUJO PEREIRA, UFC; JOSÉ PETRÔNIO MENDES JÚNIOR, UFRPE; FELIPE MARTINS DO RÊGO BARROS, USP/ESALQ; GISELLE GOMES MONTEIRO FRACETTO, UFRPE.|
|Citation:||Microbiological Research, v. 240, 126564, Nov. 2020.|
|Description:||World climate change has triggered soil water stress and imposed limitations on agricultural production. Plant growth-promoting bacteria (PGPBs) have been an efficient strategy to improve the biological supply and growth of plants under distinct abiotic stress conditions. We hypothesized that the soils from a temporary pond may harbor PGPBs with potential strains which increase maize tolerance to water deficit. We studied rhizosphere and bulk soil of Mimosa bimucronata in a temporary pond from semiarid Northeast Brazil to access strains with characteristics to promote plant growth and mitigate abiotic stress for maize crop. We isolated 355 bacterial isolates, from which 96 were selected based on the morphophysiological characterization to assess IAA production (42 % produced over 50 ug mL-1 of IAA), calcium phosphate solubilization (with one isolate achieving medium IS), biofilm and exopolysaccharides production (66 % and 98 % of isolates, respectively). Based on these mechanisms, the 30 most promising bacterial isolates were selected to assess biological nitrogen fixation (74 % of the isolates showed nitrogenase activity greater than 20 C2H4.h-1.mg-1), ACC deaminase activity (80 % of isolates) and growth in medium with reduced water activity (8 % of isolates grew in medium with water activity (Aw) of 0.844). We sequenced the 16S rRNA gene from the seven most promising isolates in in vitro and in vivo assays, which were identified as Staphylococcus edaphicus, Bacillus wiedmannii, Micrococcus yunnanensis, Streptomyces alboflavus, Streptomyces alboflavus, Bacillus wiedmanni and Bacillus cereus. In vivo, eleven isolates and three bacterial consortia did not differ from the control with nutrient solution, for total leaf area and root dry mass of maize. S. alboflavus (BS43) had the best in vivo results, not differing from the control with nutrient solution. We highlight the unpublished potential of Staphylococcus edaphicus and Streptomyces alboflavus in promoting the growth of plants under water stress. In addition, it is the first report of bacteria isolated from a temporary pond in the Brazilian semiarid which promoting plant growth attributes and development.|
|Type of Material:||Artigo de periódico|
|Appears in Collections:||Artigo em periódico indexado (CNPS)|
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