Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://www.alice.cnptia.embrapa.br/alice/handle/doc/1133540
Research center of Embrapa/Collection: Embrapa Gado de Leite - Artigo em periódico indexado (ALICE)
Date Issued: 2020
Type of Material: Artigo em periódico indexado (ALICE)
Authors: MACHADO, V. D.
FONSECA, D. M. da
LIMA, M. A.
MARTUSCELLO, J. A.
PACIULLO, D. S. C.
CHIZZOTTI, F. H. M.
Additional Information: VITOR D. MACHADO, Universidade Federal de Viçosa; DILERMANDO M. DA FONSECA, Universidade Federal de Viçosa; MARINA A. LIMA, Universidade Federal de Viçosa; JANAINA A. MARTUSCELLO, Universidade Federal de São João del-Rei; DOMINGOS SAVIO CAMPOS PACIULLO, CNPGL; FERNANDA H. M. CHIZZOTTI, Universidade Federal de Viçosa.
Title: Grazing management strategies for Urochloa decumbens (Stapf) R. Webster in a silvopastoral system under rotational stocking.
Publisher: Grass and Forage Science, v. 75, p. 266-278, 2020.
Language: Ingles
Keywords: Pastoreio
Sistema silvipastoril
Altura do dossel
Herbage accumulation
Light interception
Shading
Description: Our objective was to compare herbage accumulation and nutritive value of Urochloa decumbens (Stapf) R. Webster managed under pre-grazing canopy light interception (LI) targets of 90%, 95% and 100% in silvopastoral system (SPS) and 95% in open pasture (OP; U. decumbens under full sunlight) to establish a pre-grazing target for SPS of ~43% shade. The evaluations were made during two rainy seasons and one dry season. The total herbage accumulation in SPS was lower than in OP at all LI targets and seasons. However, the difference in total herbage accumulation between SPS and OP was reduced when SPS was harvested at 95% LI, with reductions of 20% and 28% in both rainy seasons (12,191 × 15,324 kg DM/ha and 11,158 × 15,424 kg DM/ha respectively). Moreover, under 95% LI in SPS, crude protein concentration was 18% and 19% greater than that in OP in both rainy seasons (155 × 131 g/kg DM and 144 × 121 g/kg DM respectively), thus representing the optimal pre-grazing LI target for U. decumbens in SPS. In addition, a canopy height of 20 cm was necessary for 95% LI in OP and a height of 40 cm in SPS. Therefore, U. decumbens should be grazed at 40 cm canopy height, in SPS with ~43% shade to keep 95% LI as the target. However, this target will only be effective if the shade level is maintained, which will reduce height variation over time.
Thesagro: Gramínea Forrageira
Sombreamento
Valor Nutritivo
NAL Thesaurus: Nutritive value
Data Created: 2021-08-13
Appears in Collections:Artigo em periódico indexado (CNPGL)

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