Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://www.alice.cnptia.embrapa.br/alice/handle/doc/1133859
Research center of Embrapa/Collection: Embrapa Solos - Artigo em periódico indexado (ALICE)
Date Issued: 2021
Type of Material: Artigo em periódico indexado (ALICE)
Authors: ZOFFOLI, B. C.
BRITO, L. F.
STRALIOTTO, R.
ARAÚJO, A. P. de
Additional Information: BÁRBARA CAVALHEIRO ZOFFOLI, UFRRJ; LUCIANA FERNANDES BRITO, NORWEGIAN UNIVERSITY OF SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY; ROSANGELA STRALIOTTO, CNPS; ADELSON PAULO DE ARAÚJO, UFRRJ.
Title: Early nitrogen supplementation stimulates the nodulation and growth of common bean plants inoculated with rhizobium.
Publisher: Acta Scientiarum. Agronomy, v. 43, n. 1, e55105, 2021.
Language: Ingles
Keywords: Rhizobia
Description: The initial development of common bean plants (Phaseolus vulgaris L.) relying on symbiotic nitrogen (N) can be limited by delayed active N2 fixation, requiring supplemental N which in turn may inhibit the symbiosis. Five experiments were carried out in hydroponics to identify the initiation of nodulation and nitrogenase activity in common bean cultivars, and the effects of additions of mineral N on plant nodulation and growth. Three experiments evaluated the initial growth of five inoculated bean cultivars in the absence or presence of mineral N, and two experiments evaluated the effect of the moment of mineral N addition until the beginning of reproductive stage. The first root nodules appeared 10 days after plant transplant (DAT) and nitrogenase activity initiated 11 DAT. Cultivars of large seeds had lower initial nodulation and nitrogenase activity than those of small seeds. Inoculated plants showed limited shoot growth that lasted until 21-25 DAT as compared to inoculated plants receiving mineral N. Addition of mineral N reduced nodule mass more intensively than nodule number and more strongly nitrogenase activity. Nitrogen applied until 15 DAT enhanced nodulation and nitrogenase activity without limiting shoot growth, as compared to plants receiving N throughout their growth. Otherwise, plants that received N after 15 DAT had lower nodule mass and nitrogenase activity than plants only inoculated. The results indicate that symbiotic N did not suffice to an adequate growth of common beans and some supplemental N is necessary. This N should be added in the beginning of growth cycle to stimulate plant growth without inhibiting further nodulation and N fixation.
Thesagro: Phaseolus Vulgaris
Fixação de Nitrogênio
Fertilizante Nitrogenado
Inoculação
NAL Thesaurus: Nitrogen fixation
Nitrogen fertilizers
Seed inoculation
Data Created: 2021-08-25
Appears in Collections:Artigo em periódico indexado (CNPS)

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