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|Title:||Digital Soil Mapping Using Multispectral Modeling with Landsat Time Series Cloud Computing Based.|
|Authors:||NOVAIS, J. J.|
LACERDA, M. P. C.
SANO, E. E.
DEMATTÊ, J. A. M.
OLIVEIRA JÚNIOR, M. P.
|Affiliation:||JEAN J. NOVAIS; MARILUSA P. C. LACERDA; EDSON EYJI SANO, CPAC; JOSÉ A. M. DEMATTÊ; MANUEL P. OLIVEIRA, JR.|
|Citation:||Remote Sensing, v. 13, n. 1181, 2021.|
|Description:||Abstract: Geotechnologies allow natural resources to be surveyed more quickly and cheaply than traditional methods. This paper aimed to produce a digital soil map (DSM) based on Landsat time series data. The study area, located in the eastern part of the Brazilian Federal District (Rio Preto hydrographic basin), comprises a representative basin of the Central Brazil plateau in terms of pedodiversity. A spectral library was produced based on the soil spectroscopy (from the visible to shortwave infrared spectral range) of 42 soil samples from 0?15 cm depth using the Fieldspec Pro equipment in a laboratory. Pearson?s correlation and principal component analysis of the soil attributes revealed that the dataset could be grouped based on the texture content. Hierarchical clustering analysis allowed for the extraction of 13 reference spectra. We interpreted the spectra morphologically and resampled them to the Landsat 5 Thematic Mapper satellite bands. Afterward, we elaborated a synthetic soil/rock image (SySI) and a soil frequency image (number of times the bare soil was captured) from the Landsat time series (1984?2020) in the Google Earth Engine platform. Multiple Endmember Spectral Mixture Analysis (MESMA) was used to model the SySI, using the endmembers as the input and generating a DSM, which was validated by the Kappa index and the confusion matrix. MESMA successfully modeled 9 of the 13 endmembers: Dystric Rhodic Ferralsol (clayic); Dystric Rhodic Ferralsol (very clayic); Dystric Haplic Ferralsol (loam-clayic); Dystric Haplic Ferralsol (clayic); Dystric Petric Plinthosol (clayic); Dystric Petric Plinthosol (very clayic); Dystric Regosol (clayic); Dystric Regosol (very clayic); and Dystric, Haplic Cambisol (clayic). The root mean squared error (RMSE) varied from 0 to 1.3%. The accuracy of DSM achieved a Kappa index of 0.74, describing the methodology?s effectiveness to differentiate the studied soils.|
|Keywords:||Mapeamento digital do solo|
|Type of Material:||Artigo de periódico|
|Appears in Collections:||Artigo em periódico indexado (CPAC)|
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