Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://www.alice.cnptia.embrapa.br/alice/handle/doc/1137818
Title: Impacts of saline stress on the physiology of Saccharum complex genotypes.
Authors: SIMOES, W. L.
OLIVEIRA, A. R. de
TARDIN, F. D.
OLIVEIRA, C. P. M. de
MORAIS, L. K. de
TEODORO, L. P. R.
TEODORO, P. E.
Affiliation: WELSON LIMA SIMOES, CPATSA; ANDERSON RAMOS DE OLIVEIRA, CPATSA; FLAVIO DESSAUNE TARDIN, CNPMS; CÍNTIA PATRÍCIA MARTINS DE OLIVEIRA, Universidade Estadual Paulista "Júlio de Mesquita Filho"; LIZZ KEZZY DE MORAIS, CPATC; LARISSA PEREIRA RIBEIRO TEODORO, Universidade Federal de Mato Grosso do Sul; PAULO EDUARDO TEODORO, Universidade Federal de Mato Grosso do Sul.
Date Issued: 2021
Citation: Journal of Agronomy and Crop Science, v. 207, Dec. 2021.
Description: Knowledge of the physiological mechanisms in saline environment may boost sugarcane breeding programmes targeting abiotic stresses. Our hypothesis is that the physiology of Saccharum genotypes responds differently under salt stress. Thus, the objective of the study was to evaluate the physiological performance of Saccharum complex genotypes grown under presence and absence of saline stress. The experimental design used was randomized blocks arranged in a 32 × 2 factorial scheme (32 genotypes × 2 salinity levels). The presence of salinity provided higher mean values for photosynthetic rate in genotypes G4, G18, G22, G25 and G29 compared with the environment without salinity, with mean values (17.26, 21.49, 24.22 and 26.19 µmol CO2m?2s ?1), respectively, for internal CO2 concentration in G2, G6, G9, G14, G17, G19, G23 and G29, with mean values (323.45, 399.64, 386.88, 412.14, 366.31, 250.48, 379.10 and 380.75 µmol CO2 mol air?1), respectively, for transpiration in G18, G24, G25 and G29, with mean values (5.05, 3.30, 4.39 and 4.01 mmol H2O m?2s ?1), respectively, and for chlorophyll content in G3, G5, G6, G8, G10, G13, G20, G22, G23, G25, G31 and G32, with mean values (34.18, 43.01, 38.08, 32.38, 37.09, 37.18, 32.47, 38.38, 38.04, 36.95 and 33.32 SPAD units) respectively. Genotypes that under salt stress increase their physiological performance demonstrate superiority over others and should be considered in breeding programmes. Photosynthesis and transpiration is the most adequate combination for screening, but the spad index is the most viable tool because of its ease of determination and cost.
Thesagro: Clorofila
Fotossíntese
Salinidade
Cana de Açúcar
Saccharum Officinarum
NAL Thesaurus: Abiotic stress
Sugarcane
Chlorophyll
Photosynthesis
Salinity
Salt tolerance
Keywords: Estresse abiótico
Tolerância
Sudorese
Language: Ingles
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1111/jac.12577
Notes: First online.
Type of Material: Artigo de periódico
Access: openAccess
Appears in Collections:Artigo em periódico indexado (CPATSA)

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