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Title: 2n Gamete formation in the genus Brachiaria (Poaceae: Paniceae).
Authors: GALLO, P. H
VALLE, C. B. do
Affiliation: Patrícia Helena Gallo, UEM; Pamela Lonardoni Micheletti, UEM; Kellen Regina Boldrini, UEM; Claudicéia Risso-Pascotto, UEM; Maria Suely Pagliarini, UEM; Cacilda Borges do Valle, CNPGC.
Date Issued: 2007
Citation: Euphytica, Wageningen, Holanda, v. 154, n. 2, p. 255-260, 2007.
Description: Microsporogenesis of several Brachiaria species of the Brazilian collection at Embrapa Beef Cattle has been analyzed in detail. This paper reports abnormal cytokinesis in three accessions of three different species (Brachiaria humidicola, 2n = 4x = 36, Brachiaria decumbens, 2n = 4x = 36, and Brachiaria dura, 2n = 6x = 54). Chromosomes paired in bi-, tri-, and quadrivalents in these accessions, whereas chromosome segregation at meiosis I was characterized by exclusion of laggards as micronuclei. In a high number of meiocytes, the first sign of cytokinesis appeared only in metaphase II and did not divide the meiocyte into a dyad. Total absence of cytokinesis was also detected among meiocytes in the second division. Since in both cases the two metaphase plates were very close, they favored the rejoining of chromosome sets after anaphase II and formed a restitutional nucleus in telophase II. Second cytokinesis occurred after telophase II in most meiocytes. Monads, dyads, and triads with n or 2n nuclei were observed among meiotic products. The 2n gametes observed correspond to the first division restitution (FDR). The number of affected cells in each accession was variable, but the number of microspores with restitutional nucleus, including those scored in tetrads and the released ones, did not exceed 9%. Although polyploidy is common in the genus Brachiaria, its origin is still unclear. Current results suggest that 2n gametes may have contributed to the evolutionary history of the genus.
Thesagro: Brachiaria Humidicola
Brachiaria Decumbens
Citogenética Vegetal
Gramínea Forrageira
Melhoramento Genético Vegetal
Planta Forrageira
NAL Thesaurus: cytogenetics
plant breeding
Keywords: Braquiária
Brachiaria dura
Campo Grande
Mato Grosso do Sul
Feed crops
Feed grasses
Notes: CNPGC.
Type of Material: Artigo de periódico
Access: openAccess
Appears in Collections:Artigo em periódico indexado (CNPGC)

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