Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://www.alice.cnptia.embrapa.br/alice/handle/doc/1119669
Research center of Embrapa/Collection: Embrapa Agrossilvipastoril - Resumo em anais de congresso (ALICE)
Date Issued: 2019
Type of Material: Resumo em anais de congresso (ALICE)
Authors: SILVA, L. S.
SOLLENBERGER, L. E.
COOLEY, K. D.
KOHMANN, M. M.
ARYAL, P.
PEDREIRA, B. C. e
PEDROSO, G. B.
SILVEIRA, M. L.
DUBEUX JÚNIOR, J. C. B.
Additional Information: LILIANE SEVERINO DA SILVA, UNIVERSITY of FLORIDA, Gainsville-FL; LYNN E. SOLLENBERGER, UNIVERSITY of FLORIDA, Gainsville-FL; KATIE D. COOLEY, UNIVERSITY of FLORIDA, Gainsville-FL; MARTA M. KOHMANN, UNIVERSITY of FLORIDA, Gainsville-FL; PARMESHWOR ARYAL, UNIVERSITY of FLORIDA, Gainsville-FL; BRUNO CARNEIRO E PEDREIRA, CPAMT; GABRIEL BARACAT PEDROSO, UNIVERSITY of FLORIDA, Gainsville-FL; MARIA LUCIA SILVEIRA, UNIVERSITY of FLORIDA, Gainsville-FL; JOSE C. B. DUBEUX JÚNIOR, UNIVERSITY of FLORIDA, Gainsville-FL.
Title: Above and Belowground Biomass Characteristics of Rhizoma Peanut Entries and Their Relationship with Soil C and N.
Publisher: In: ASA, CSSA & SSSA INTERNATIONAL ANNUAL MEETING, 2019, San Antonio. Embracing the digital environment: abstracts [eletrônico]... San Antonio: ASA; CSSA; SSSA, 2019.
Language: en
Description: In forage systems, soil C and N are affected by many factors including above- and belowground biomass, root exudation, defoliation management, and tissue turnover dynamics. There is need to understand the main drivers of soil C and N accumulation under perennial forages, especially those factors associated with differences in growth and canopy characteristics. The objective was to determine soil C and N status and their relationship with above- and belowground characteristics of six rhizoma peanut (RP, Arachis glabrata) entries. Treatments were Apalachee, Chico, Ecoturf, Ona33, Peace, and Tito RP arranged in four replicates of a randomized complete block design. Stands were planted in 2010 and harvested twice per year after establishment. The area was previously a long-term bahiagrass (BH, Paspalum notatum) sward. Herbage accumulation (HA) and root-rhizome mass (RRM) and accumulation rate (RRA) were measured in 2016 and 2017. Existing litter and soil to 0-5, 5-10, and 10-20-cm depths were sampled in September and December 2018. Herbage and litter samples were harvested using two, 0.25-m2 quadrats per plot. Three 10-cm diameter cores (20-cm depth) were taken per plot to measure RRM, while RRA was measured using ingrowth cores. Soil C and N concentrations were determined by dry combustion. Among entries, HA ranged from 6.7 to 10.5 Mg ha-1, RRM from 5.5 to 8.6 Mg ha-1, RRA from 10 to 33 kg ha-1 d-1, and litter mass from 1800 to 2300 kg ha-1. Litter mass and RRA were negatively correlated to C and N stocks in the 0-5 cm layer and positively correlated with those in the 10-20 cm layer. This may be due to mineralization of nutrients in surface soil and use by plants to accumulate biomass, followed by release of exudates and tissue turnover at depth. Soil C and N stocks were less responsive to sward characteristics than expected.
NAL Thesaurus: Forage
Biomass
Carbon
Nitrogen
Data Created: 2020-01-31
Appears in Collections:Resumo em anais de congresso (CPAMT)


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