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|Research center of Embrapa/Collection:||Embrapa Agroindústria Tropical - Artigo em periódico indexado (ALICE)|
|Type of Material:||Artigo em periódico indexado (ALICE)|
|Authors:||LEAL, L. K. A. M.|
PIERDONÁ, T. M.
GÓES, J. G. S.
CANUTO, K. M.
SILVEIRA, E. R.
BEZERRA, A. M. E.
VIANA, G. S. B.
|Additional Information:||UFC; UFC; UFC; KIRLEY MARQUES CANUTO, CNPAT; UFC; UFC; UFC.|
|Title:||A comparative chemical and pharmacological study of standardized extracts and vanillic acid from wild and cultivated Amburana cearensis A. C. Smith.|
|Publisher:||Phytomedicine, v. 18, n. 2-3, p. 230-233, 2011.|
|Description:||The objectives of this work were to carry out a comparative chemical study and to evaluate the antinociceptive and anti-inflammatory activities of ethanol extracts (EtOHE) and vanilic acid (VA) from cultivated and wild Amburana cearensis A.C. Smith (Fabaceae), an endangered species used in Northeast Brazil for the treatment of asthma. The HPLC analysis of EtOHE, showed that coumarin (CM) and VA were the major constituents from the cultivated plant, while in the extract from the wild plant the major constituents were amburoside A (AMB) and CM. Pharmacological tests were performed with male Swiss mice or male Wistar rats acutely administered with 100?400 mg/kg, p.o. of EtOHEs or 12.5?50 mg/kg, p.o. of VA. EtOHEs from A. cearensis with 4, 7 or 9 months of cultivation significantly inhibited, from 32 to 64%, both phases of the formalin test in mice. Similar results were observed with the EtOHE from the wild species. VA significantly reduced both phases of the formalin test. This effect was partially reversed by naloxone. EtOHE from cultivated or wild A. cearensis inhibited the carrageenan (Cg)-induced mice paw edema. Furthermore, VA inhibited the paw edema and the leukocyte migration in rat peritoneal cavity induced by Cg. On the other hand, it did not inhibit the edema and the increase of vascular permeability induced by dextran in the rat paw. All together, these results indicate that the EtOHE from cultivated A. cearensis exhibit similar chemical and pharmacological profiles, as related to the wild plant. VA is, at least partially, responsible for these pharmacological effects. Its antinociceptive effect occurs by a mechanism partly dependent upon the opioid system, while the anti-inflammatory action was manifested in inflammatory processes dependent on polymorphonuclear cells and are probably related to the VA inhibition of cytokines as observed by others.|
|NAL Thesaurus:||anti-inflammatory activity|
|Appears in Collections:||Artigo em periódico indexado (CNPAT)|