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|Title:||Natural intervarietal hybrids of Coffea canephora have a high content of diterpenes.|
|Authors:||FRANCISCO, J. S.|
DIAS, R. C. E.
ALVES, E. A.
ROCHA, R. B.
DALAZEN, J. R.
MORI, A. L. B.
BENASSI, M. de T.
|Affiliation:||JULYENE SILVA FRANCISCO, State University of Londrina (UEL); RAFAEL CARLOS ELOY DIAS, State University of Londrina (UEL); ENRIQUE ANASTACIO ALVES, CPAF-RO; RODRIGO BARROS ROCHA, CPAF-RO; JANDERSON RODRIGUES DALAZEN, Municipal Technical Assistance and Rural Extension Entity of the State of Rondônia (Emater-RO); ANDRÉ LUIZ BUZZO MORI, State University of Londrina (UEL); MARTA DE TOLEDO BENASSI, State University of Londrina (UEL).|
|Citation:||Beverages, v. 7, n. 4, 77, Dec. 2021.|
|Description:||The present investigation characterized the diterpene profile of Coffea canephora coffees, which are natural intervarietal hybrids of Conilon and Robusta. The impact of genetic diversity and environment on these compounds was also evaluated. Five genotypes (clones 03, 05, 08, 25, and 66) from six growing sites in the State of Rondônia in the western Amazon (Alto Alegre dos Parecis, São Miguel do Guaporé, Nova Brasilândia do Oeste, Porto Velho, Rolim de Moura, and Alto Paraíso) were analyzed. The contents of kahweol, cafestol, and 16-O-methylcafestol in light-medium roasted coffees were assessed by UPLC. Data were analyzed by ANOVA and Tukey's test (p <- 0.05). The contents of cafestol and 16-O-methylcafestol ranged from 96 to 457 mg 100 g?1 and 75 to 433 mg 100 g-1 , respectively. As for kahweol, from absence up to contents of 36.9 mg 100 g-1 was observed. The diterpene profile was dependent on genetics, growing site, and the interaction between these factors. A higher variability was observed for kahweol contents. The natural intervarietal hybrid coffees stood out for their high contents of diterpenes and increased frequency of kahweol presence (77% of the samples).|
Melhoramento Genético Vegetal
|NAL Thesaurus:||Plant breeding|
|Type of Material:||Artigo de periódico|
|Appears in Collections:||Artigo em periódico indexado (CPAF-RO)|